Mdma Clinical Trials
MDMA en prosociaal gedrag: De rol van de 2a-serotonine receptor.
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Organisation Name: Maastricht University, K. P. C. Kuypers
Overal Status: Open for patient inclusion
Start Date: 2013-01-30
Lead Sponsor: Maastricht University, K. P. C. Kuypers
Brief Summary: Rationale:
MDMA exerts positive effects on social behaviour. The neurobiological mechanism underlying these effects is to date not known. There is some evidence that the 5-HT2a receptor might play a role in this mechanism. The fundamental knowledge that is generated by this study can be implemented in research into the neurobiology of certain diseases in which prosocial behaviour or empathy is lacking, e.g. autism spectrum disorders, social anxiety disorder.
First, we would like to investigate the effects of MDMA on social cognition and interaction by means of paradigms which take context into account. Second, we would like to investigate the role of the 5-HT2a receptor in these effects. We hypothesize that (1) the MDMA effect on prosocial behavior is context dependent (e.g. influence by ‘extra’ social information and importance of the reward) and that (2) these effects will be absent when MDMA is combined with ketanserin.
Study design & Intervention:
Both aims will be accomplished by conducting a four-way crossover study including single doses and combinations of MDMA-75mg and the 5-HT2a blocker ketanserin-40 mg in order to study the effects of the substances alone and the effects of MDMA after blockade of the 5-HT2a receptors.
Participants will be maximally twenty-four (N=20 + 4 drop-outs) recreational ecstasy users (3 < lifetime use < 200) aged between 18 and 35 years. All subjects will be medically screened.
Main study parameters/endpoints:
Main study endpoints will be subjective and objective measures of cognitive and affective empathy. Tasks to assess this are the inter-reactivity index and the multifaceted empathy test.
Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness:
Participants will go through 4 sessions of 4h15’. The load for a subject during a test day is restricted to (1) taking study treatments, (2) taking 3 blood samples, (3) filling out questionnaires and doing computer tasks (duration: ± 75 minutes). During the periods that they are not tested (breaks), they will be seated in a waiting room were they will be in close contact with one of the researchers. In case they experience (medical) complaints, the medical supervisor will be contacted.
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