Ketamine Clinical Trials
Pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic modeling of S(+)-ketamine in healthy volunteers.
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Organisation Name: N/A
Overal Status: Planned
Start Date: 2007-02-01
Lead Sponsor: N/A
Brief Summary: The NMDA-receptor antagonist ketamine, at relatively low-dose, is a potent analgesic. It is used in the perioperative setting as well as in chronic pain, for example in the treatment of neuropathic pain and pain from malignancies. We are currently assessing ketamine’s analgesic efficacy in CRPS type 1 patients in an experimental study (protocol P05.100).
Despite its wide use, relatively little is knows about ketamine’s pharmacokinetics –PK– and pharmacodynamics –PD– or the link between the two. For example, there is no knowledge on the link parameter ke0, which is an estimate of the drugs onset and offset-times. Knowledge of ketamine’s PK and PD is needed to be able to fully understand clinical ketamine data in patients, such as CRPS type 1 patients. Furthermore, it will enable the optimization of infusion schemes and hence the treatment of patients on ketamine.
Ketamine is a racemic mixture. Recently the S(+) form became available (Ketanest). In contrast to the racemic mixture, S(+)-ketamine shows less psychomimetic side effects. This is the reason that the S(+) form is now widely used with the racemic mixture rapidly loosing market.
In this study we will assess the pharmocokinetics and pharmacodynamics of intravenous S(+)-ketamine in healthy volunteers. This will result in a pharmacokinetic/pharmaco-dynamic (PK/PD) model which may be used to predict S(+)-ketamine concentration and pain relief after intravenous infusion.
The PK of S(+)-ketamine will be studied by obtaining arterial blood samples at regular times after iv infusion. The PD of S(+)-ketamine will focus on pain relief and the side effect profile, with special emphasis on psychomimetic side effects and blood pressure.
The design of the study is placebo-controlled, single-blind, randomized cross-over.
Aims of the study:
1) To obtain pharmacokinetic parameters of S(+)-ketamine;
2) To study the pharmacodynamic effects of intravenous S(+)-ketamine on experimental pain;
3) To study the pharmacodynamic effects of intravenous S(+)-ketamine using Bowdle scales.
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