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Ketamine Clinical Trials

A Pilot Study of Ketamine Sedation Initiated Early After Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Effect on Vasospasm, Delayed Cerebral Ischemia, and Functional Outcomes

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Id: NCT05032118

Organisation Name: Oregon Health and Science University

Overal Status: Not yet recruiting

Start Date: September 2021

Last Update: September 2, 2021

Lead Sponsor: Jenna L Leclerc MD, PhD

Brief Summary: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is bleeding into the space between the brain and the tissues that surround the brain as a result of a ruptured aneurysm and is a type of stroke associated with high morbidity and mortality. Those that survive the initial bleed are critically ill and require prolonged intensive care unit stays since they are at risk for a multitude of secondary insults that can further worsen functional outcomes. An especially feared secondary insult is delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI), which is a lack of blood flow to a particular portion of the brain that can result in an ischemic stroke and produce profound neurologic deficits. How DCI develops in some people after aSAH and not others is unknown, but many have hypothesized various mechanisms such as 1) cerebral vasospasm, a focal anatomic narrowing of the blood vessels in the brain that could decrease downstream blood flow, 2) abnormal electrical activity, and 3) microthrombi, or the formation of small blood clots.

It is vitally important to identify a therapy that could protect the brain from these secondary insults that happen days after the initial brain bleed. Ketamine is a drug used in the majority of hospitals around the world for various indications, including general anesthesia, sedation, and for pain. Ketamine blocks a specific receptor that is present within the brain and in doing so could play a critical protective role against these secondary insults after aSAH by blocking the flow of dangerous chemicals. Ketamine may provide the following beneficial properties after aSAH: 1) pain control, 2) seizure prevention, 3) blood pressure support, 4) dilation of the brain blood vessels, 5) sedation, 6) anti-depressant, and 7) anti-inflammatory. This project is designed to test whether ketamine sedation in the intensive care unit after aneurysm repair provides better outcomes than the currently used sedation regimen.

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Aneurysmal

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