Ketamine molecule:

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Ketamine Clinical Trials

Ketofol vs Dexmedetomidine for Preventing Post-operative Delirium in Elderly Patients Undergoing Intestinal Obstruction Surgeries. A Randomized Controlled Study

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Id: NCT04816162

Organisation Name: Zagazig University

Overal Status: Completed

Start Date: March 12, 2021

Last Update: July 18, 2022

Lead Sponsor: Zagazig University

Brief Summary: Delirium is a cognitive disturbance characterized by acute and fluctuating impairment in attention and awareness. Although its incidence in the general surgical population is 2-3%, it has been reported to occur in up to 10-80% of high-risk patient groups. In addition, the occurrence of postoperative delirium is associated with considerably raised morbidity and mortality and increased healthcare resource expenditure.
In the general patient population, no prophylactic pharmacologic treatment has shown widespread effectiveness in preventing delirium. Several studies have failed to find a magic pharmacologic bullet for preventing delirium-ketamine, haloperidol, propofol, antipsychotic and benzodiazepine drugs have recently tested without a clear result of its effectiveness.
Dexmedetomidine is an attractive pharmacologic option because of its biological plausibility in modifying several known contributors to delirium.
Up to investigators' knowledge, there is no study done to compare the effect of infusion of dexmedetomidine and ketofol mixture as prophylactic agents for high-risk patients as elderly patients who undergoing high-risk surgery such as intestinal obstruction surgery against postoperative delirium occurrence.

  • Delirium on Emergence

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