Ketamine Clinical Trials
Ketofol vs Dexmedetomidine for Preventing Post-operative Delirium in Elderly Patients Undergoing Intestinal Obstruction Surgeries. A Randomized Controlled Study
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Organisation Name: Zagazig University
Overal Status: Recruiting
Start Date: March 12, 2021
Last Update: March 25, 2021
Lead Sponsor: Zagazig University
Brief Summary: Delirium is a cognitive disturbance characterized by acute and fluctuating impairment in attention and awareness. Although its incidence in the general surgical population is 2-3%, it has been reported to occur in up to 10-80% of high-risk patient groups. In addition, the occurrence of postoperative delirium is associated with considerably raised morbidity and mortality and increased healthcare resource expenditure.Conditions
In the general patient population, no prophylactic pharmacologic treatment has shown widespread effectiveness in preventing delirium. Several studies have failed to find a magic pharmacologic bullet for preventing delirium-ketamine, haloperidol, propofol, antipsychotic and benzodiazepine drugs have recently tested without a clear result of its effectiveness.
Dexmedetomidine is an attractive pharmacologic option because of its biological plausibility in modifying several known contributors to delirium.
Up to investigators' knowledge, there is no study done to compare the effect of infusion of dexmedetomidine and ketofol mixture as prophylactic agents for high-risk patients as elderly patients who undergoing high-risk surgery such as intestinal obstruction surgery against postoperative delirium occurrence.
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