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Ketamine Clinical Trials

Comparative Evaluation of Intranasal Midazolam, Dexmedetomidine, Ketamine for Their Sedative Effect and the Ability to Facilitate Venous Cannulation in Pediatric Patients: a Prospective Randomized Study.

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Id: NCT04704622

Organisation Name: Ain Shams University

Overal Status: Completed

Start Date: January 1, 2021

Last Update: May 28, 2021

Lead Sponsor: Ain Shams University

Brief Summary: Background and Objectives: Surgery and hospitalization present a very stressful period for children and their parents. The induction of anesthesia and cannula insertion may be the only bad experience a child can remember during his procedure. Pediatric intravenous cannulation is technically difficult and moreover may cause psychological problems. Sedative Premedication has a great role in pediatric anesthesia to overcome fear and anxiety and to facilitate easy separation from their parents. Intranasal approach is safe and painless and well tolerated by children in addition to a comparable onset of action with the intravenous approach. Midazolam, dexmedetomidine and ketamine have proved their effectiveness as a sedative premedication. The objective of the current study was to compare the effectiveness of administration of intranasal midazolam, dexmedetomidine and ketamine as sedatives to facilitate and decrease the discomfort of intravenous cannulation before surgery in children undergoing various surgical procedures. Methods: the patients agreed to participate in the research were classified into 3 groups. Dexmedetomidine, Midazolam and Ketamine group; each group received the intranasal drug 30 min before the procedure. Pulse, MAP, oxygen saturation and sedation score (MOAA/S) baseline and every 10 min. Easiness of venipuncture, parental separation and any complication encountered were recorded.

  • Cannula Site Pain

Total execution time in seconds: 0.32127285003662