Ketamine Clinical Trials
Single-dose Interventions to Reduce Re-admissions for Hospitalized Patients With Refractory Alcohol Use Disorder: A Randomized Pilot Feasibility Study.
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Organisation Name: Denver Health and Hospital Authority
Overal Status: Not yet recruiting
Start Date: October 2020
Last Update: September 24, 2020
Lead Sponsor: Denver Health and Hospital Authority
Brief Summary: Every year, alcohol use disorder (AUD) generates millions of emergency department (ED) visits and hospital admissions, costing the U.S. health sector over $90 billion. These hospital admissions are critical opportunities to start patients on addiction pharmacotherapy, but factors like medication non-adherence and post-discharge relapse contribute to frequent re-admissions. Two single-dose interventions are well suited to facilitate treatment retention and prevent re-admissions due to their prolonged, adherence-independent effects: extended-release (XR) naltrexone injection and intravenous (IV) ketamine infusion. These have not been thoroughly investigated in the hospital setting among high-utilizer, safety-net populations. Therefore, the investigators aim to:Conditions
Test the feasibility of randomizing hospitalized patients (n=45-60, age 18-65) with multiple AUD-related admissions to treatment with either extended-release (XR) naltrexone, intravenous (IV) ketamine, or no single-dose medication, all with enhanced linkage to care. Feasibility outcomes such as recruitment rate, patient acceptability, post-discharge follow-up rate, and adverse events will help to identify key lessons for a future comparative effectiveness study.
Estimate the 30-day re-admission rate for patients randomized to treatment with XR naltrexone, with IV ketamine, or no single-dose medication, all with enhanced linkage to care. The investigators hypothesize that the re-admission rate will be lower for each of the two single-dose medication groups than for the "linkage-alone" group.
- Alcohol Use Disorder, Severe
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