Ketamine Clinical Trials
Effect of Palatable Lidocaine Gel Versus Dexmedetomidine on Gag Reflex During Propofol Based Sedation for Patients Undergoing Elective Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. A Randomized Controlled Study
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Organisation Name: Zagazig University
Overal Status: Completed
Start Date: January 1, 2020
Last Update: August 7, 2020
Lead Sponsor: Zagazig University
Brief Summary: The development of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGIE) has greatly expanded the diagnostic and therapeutic capabilities of gastroenterologists. The patient's tolerance to procedure and endoscopist's satisfaction increase when sedation is used along with topical pharyngeal anesthesia.Conditions
Numerous agents are available for moderate sedation in endoscopy such as propofol, midazolam, ketamine, fentanyl and dexmedetomidine, the choice of a particular sedative agent depends on its availability, cost and experience of the endoscopist and patient with that sedative agent. However, these i.v. anesthetics may be associated with complications especially in elderly patients or in those with other comorbidities, as apnea, hypoxia, hypotension, and paradoxical agitation, in which the patient becomes agitated rather than sleepy from the sedation, leading to increased morbidity and the duration of the patient's hospitalization.
Local application of lidocaine to the oral cavity and the oropharynx, will attenuate or even abolish the gag reflex increasing the patient's comfort thus decreasing the dose of i.v. anesthetics with their potential complications.
Up to our knowledge, there is no study done to evaluate the effect of palatable lidocaine gel versus I .v dexmedetomidine on the incidence of gag reflex and total propofol consumption during elective upper gastrointestinal endoscopy.
- Gastro-Intestinal Disorder
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