Ketamine Clinical Trials
NESBID: Neuro-Stimulation of the Brain in Depression. A Randomized, Controlled Clinical Trial of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Augmentation, as Compared to Sham Therapy, in the Treatment of Ultra-resistant Major Depressive Disorder
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Organisation Name: University of Alberta
Overal Status: Recruiting
Start Date: September 1, 2020
Last Update: November 9, 2020
Lead Sponsor: University of Alberta
Brief Summary: In Canada, approximately 20% of patients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) have treatment-resistance and fail to respond to trials of pharmacotherapy or psychotherapy. Although the treatment of choice has historically consisted of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), this is not always feasible or practical, and carries a risk of side-effects that may be unacceptable to certain patients.Conditions
In this pragmatic, multi-site, placebo-controlled and double-blinded clinical trial, participants with ultra treatment-resistant MDD will be randomized to receive either active or sham transcranial direct current stimulation in addition to their usual treatment. Ultra treatment-resistant depression will be operationally defined as MDD that has failed to respond to at least five previous trials of antidepressants at sufficient doses, or ECT, or ketamine. Patients will receive a total of 30 active or sham treatment sessions (5 per week), for 30 minutes per session. In both groups, the anode will be placed over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (position F3), and the cathode over the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (position F4). Patients in the sham group will receive electrical stimulation at 2 mA for less than 30 seconds, whereas patients in the active group will receive that level of stimulation for the entire duration of treatment.
The study's primary outcome is the change in score on a clinician-graded depression inventory (the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scales). Secondary outcomes include change in scores on a self-administered depression rating scale and measurement of function scale. Information on language ability will also be collected, as will data on side-effects of treatment. Scores will be collected before the trial start, after every 10 sessions, and one month after trial completion.
- Depressive Disorder, Major
- Depressive Disorder, Treatment-Resistant
- Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation
- Electric Stimulation Therapy
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