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Ketamine Clinical Trials

Sedation Versus Protective Stabilization for Dental Treatment of Children With Caries and Negative Behavior at the Dentist: a Non-randomized Clinical Trial

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Id: NCT04119180

Organisation Name: Universidade Federal de Goias

Overal Status: Recruiting

Start Date: January 30, 2020

Last Update: May 24, 2022

Lead Sponsor: Universidade Federal de Goias

Brief Summary: There is a lack of evidence on the effectiveness of moderate sedation in pediatric dentistry, compared to protective stabilization, which remains routinely used in the Brazilian context despite moral questions. The objective of this prospective nonrandomized clinical trial is to evaluate the effectiveness of the use of moderate sedation, compared to the protective stabilization, in the dental care of children with fear / anxiety and / or dental behavior problem, and associated factors. The study will be carried out in outpatient clinics of the Dental Schools of the Federal University of Goiás (UFG) and University of São Paulo (USP), with the support of professors from King's College London through the partnership CEDACORE - Children Experiencing Dental Anxiety: Collaboration on Research and Education. Participants will be 152 children under 7 years of age with dental caries, who need specialized dental treatment due to a history of non-cooperation with dental care. The interventions to be compared are moderate sedation with oral administration of ketamine and midazolam (UFG) and protective stabilization (USP). The primary endpoint 'behavior / anxiety of the child during treatment will be assessed using the Ohio State University Behavioral Rating Scale. The secondary outcomes are: dental behavioral and anxiety evolution of the child, child' pain during procedure, impact on the quality of life related to oral health, parents and dentists' satisfaction and stress, adverse events for sedated participants, longevity of composite and glass ionomer cement restorations, chronotype and physiological stress of these children. A cost-efficacy analysis will be produced at the end of the study from the perspective of the Sistema Único de Saúde. Additionally, at the end of 36 months, the investigators expect to contribute to the identification of psychosocial aspects related to dental behavior problems in children in early childhood. It is important to highlight the perspective of technological innovation, with the creation of a digital platform that will allow the registration of data related to the dental care of children worldwide and favor analyzes in the methodology of data science.

  • Child Behavior
  • Dental Caries in Children

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