Ketamine Clinical Trials
Spontaneous and Oxytocin-induced Contractility After Exposure to Intravenous Anesthetic Agents: an In-vitro Study in Human Myometrium
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Organisation Name: Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital
Overal Status: Completed
Start Date: March 28, 2019
Last Update: October 25, 2022
Lead Sponsor: Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital
Brief Summary: Poor uterine tone after the birth of a baby may cause serious bleeding (called postpartum hemorrhage or PPH). This is a major cause of maternal death worldwide. In the developed world the cesarean section rate is increasing. There are two modalities for anesthesia for cesarean section; general and regional (eg. spinal anesthetic). General anesthesia has been associated with increased blood loss compared to regional and the reasons for this may be multifactorial. Some of the anesthesia gases have been studied and there is laboratory evidence to suggest that these gases may reduce the tone of the uterus and therefore cause increased blood loss due to poor uterine tone. To date there has been little study on the intravenous anesthesia agents. These agents are usually administered to anaesthetise the patient at the start of surgery (induction of anesthesia), however they can also be used instead of the gases to keep the patient asleep using a 'total intravenous anesthesia' technique. Laboratory work in rats has suggested that high doses of these intravenous drugs might reduce uterine tone, thus increasing the risk of blood loss. Interestingly, at low doses one of these drugs (ketamine) may actually increase uterine tone. Only one of these drugs has been studied in human uterine tissue. The investigators plan to compare three anaesthesia induction agents on human uterine tissue under physiological conditions in the laboratory.Conditions
This study will be the first to compare these three drugs on human tissue. The investigators plan to determine the impact of these drugs on spontaneous uterine contractility and also contractilty induced by oxytocin, which is the drug most commonly administered to help contract the uterus after birth. This is important as it will help inform anesthesiologists as to the best drug to use depending on the clinical circumstance.
The investigators hypothesize that the intravenous induction agents will cause a dose dependent decrease in spontaneous uterine contractility, similar to what has been described in the rat model. The investigators also expect that exposure to high concentrations of intravenous anesthesia induction agents will cause a blunted contractile response to oxytocin.
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