Ketamine Clinical Trials
The Immunomodulatory Effects of Ketamine and Lidocaine in Abdominal Surgery: Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Study
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Organisation Name: University Hospital Dubrava
Overal Status: Completed
Start Date: January 28, 2019
Last Update: August 20, 2021
Lead Sponsor: University Hospital Dubrava
Brief Summary: Clinical studies have shown that IV administration of anesthetics, lidocaine and ketamine with their anti-inflammatory properties, modulates the acute immune response associated with surgical tissue injury, and in this manner they are able to reduce postoperative pain. Lidocaine has anti-inflammatory effects on polymorphonuclear granulocytes, IL-6 and IL-8 cytokines, complement component C3a and IL-1ra in serum. Ketamine produces its anti-inflammatory effects by reducing CRP and IL-6 in serum and by inhibiting NF-kB, which regulates gene transcription responsible for the production of proinflammatory factors.Conditions
Perioperative combinend IV administration of lidocaine and ketamine could have a more favorable anti-inflammatory effect compared to anesthetic given alone or with placebo.
To investigate the effects of lidocaine and ketamine in patients undergoing abdominal surgery on: acute immune response following the level of proinflammatory factors in serum (CRP, IL-6, IL-8); postoperative pain management; recovery of bowel function; LOS in the ICU and LOHS; reduced administration of opioids; reduction of total treatment costs; recovery time between participants undergoing conventional and laparoscopic resection of the colon.
A double-blind, placebo-controlled study will include 120 patients: 60 undergoing conventional and 60 undergoing laparoscopic resection of the colon. Patients will be randomly assigned to one of four groups: lidocaine, ketamine, lidocaine-ketamine, and placebo. Lidocaine will be administered at a dose of 1.5 mg/kg prior to surgical incision followed by an infusion at a rate of 1.5-2 mg/kg/hr until the end of surgery. Ketamine will be administered at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg in a bolus prior to surgical incision followed by an infusion at a rate of 0.1-0.2 mg/kg/hr until the end of surgery. Bolus and continuous placebo infusion (0.9% NaCl) will be equally administered at the same dose as the aforementioned anesthetics until the end of the surgery.
The intensity of pain will be measured using the VAS score 2 hours and 4 hours following surgery and every 12 hours the following days. The invetigators will measure the consumption of opioids during and after surgery, the length of stay in the ICU, where pain control and analgesics use will be measured, as well as recovery of bowel function. Proinflammatory markers in serum (CRP, IL-6, IL-8) will be measured before induction of anesthesia, then 12 hours and 36 hours following the completion of surgery.
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