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Ketamine Clinical Trials

Nalbuphine as an Adjuvant to Caudal Bupivacaine for Postoperative Analgesia in Children Undergoing Hypospadius Repair

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Id: NCT03476772

Organisation Name: Assiut University

Overal Status: Completed

Start Date: March 1, 2018

Last Update: March 24, 2021

Lead Sponsor: Assiut University

Brief Summary: Caudal aneasthesia for pediatric surgery was first reported in 1933. Since then, studies have described the indications for pediatric caudal block, the level of analgesia, doses, advantages and disadvantages of this technique.

In children, caudal anesthesia is most effectively used as adjunct to general aneasthesia and has an opioid-sparing effect, permitting faster and smoother emergence from aneasthesia.

A single shot caudal anesthesia provides relatively brief analgesia for 4 to 8 hours depending on the agent used. Prolongation of anesthesia can be achieved by adding various adjuvants, such as opioids and nonopioids such as clonidine, ketamine, midazolam, and neostigmine,with varying degrees of success.

  • Post Operative Pain

Total execution time in seconds: 0.17284202575684