Ketamine Clinical Trials
Intranasal Ketamine for Acute Traumatic Pain in the Emergency Department: A Prospective, Randomized Clinical Trial of Efficacy and Safety
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Organisation Name: Tel Aviv Medical Center
Overal Status: Completed
Start Date: September 2012
Last Update: June 30, 2016
Lead Sponsor: Tel Aviv Medical Center
Brief Summary: Introduction: Ketamine has been well studied for its efficacy as an analgesic agent. However, intranasal (IN) administration of ketamine has only recently been studied in the emergency setting.Conditions
Objective: To elucidate the efficacy and adverse effects of a sub-dissociative dose of IN Ketamine compared to IV and IM morphine.
Methods: A single-center, randomized, prospective, parallel clinical trial of efficacy and safety of IN ketamine compared to IV and IM morphine for analgesia in the emergency department (ED). A convenience sample of 90 patients aged 18-70 experiencing moderate-severe acute traumatic pain (≥80mm on 100mm Visual Analog Scale [VAS]) were randomized to receive either 1.0mg/kg IN ketamine, 0.1mg/kg IV MO or 0.15mg/kg IM MO. Pain relief and adverse effects were recorded for 1 hour post-administration.
Primary Outcomes: The primary outcome was efficacy of IN ketamine compared to IV and IM MO, measured by "time-to-onset" (defined as a ≥15mm pain decrease on VAS), as well as time to and degree of maximal pain reduction.
Total execution time in seconds: 0.25478601455688