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Ketamine Clinical Trials

Ketamine and Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) in Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): Comparison of Treatment Efficacy and Metabolomic Profiles

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Id: NCT02766192

Organisation Name: The Cooper Health System

Overal Status: Unknown status

Start Date: August 2013

Last Update: May 9, 2016

Lead Sponsor: The Cooper Health System

Brief Summary: Background: The poor prognosis and public health burden of PTSD necessitates the development of more effective and broader treatment approaches. In the etiopathogenesis of PTSD, trauma memories become ingrained into key brain areas through conditioned learning and are triggered by various situations of daily life. The brain glutamate system plays a key role in the process of trauma learning and trauma memories via long-term potentiation. Ketamine administration modulates the glutamate system and has been used in the treatment of depression and PTSD. Previous studies demonstrate that a single low dose of ketamine rapidly improves symptoms of refractory PTSD and treatment resistant depression. Unfortunately the observed response is short-lived (4-7 days, maximum up to 2 weeks) and multiple doses often produce unacceptable side effects. TIMBER (Trauma Interventions using Mindfulness Based Extinction and Reconsolidation for trauma memory) psychotherapy, is a manualized and translational mindfulness based cognitive behavioral therapy specifically designed to target trauma memories and their expressions in PTSD patients. The placebo controlled pilot study examined the efficacy of a protocol combining a single infusion of low dose ketamine (0.5mg/kg) and TIMBER psychotherapy in subjects suffering from chronic PTSD. The objective of this pilot study was to optimize and individualize treatment of chronic PTSD using a rapid, effective, trauma specific, user friendly and inexpensive approach that uses cutting edge psychopharmacological combined with novel psychotherapeutic approaches.

Methodology: The randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled pilot study used a crossover design. Ten subjects with refractory PTSD were assigned to one of two arms: one arm (n=5) received combined ketamine infusion and TIMBER therapy (TIMBER-K arm) and the second (n=5) received combined placebo (normal saline) infusion and TIMBER therapy (TIMBER-P arm). All 10 subjects received a short version of TIMBER therapy after 10 minutes of onset of the infusion in which reactivation of trauma memories was initiated in a controlled manner using standardized scales and scripted narrative of the index trauma. This was followed by a standardized mindfulness based cognitive therapy module to quickly de-escalate the arousal symptoms followed by induction of detached observation and reappraisal of the trauma experience. After completion of the 40-min infusion, all subjects were trained on the full version of TIMBER therapy using methods of mindfulness based graded exposure therapy and a twice-daily schedule of home practice was initiated. The investigators are currently in a process of recruiting fifty more subjects to examine the effects in a larger sample.

  • PTSD

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