Ketamine molecule:

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Ketamine Clinical Trials


Preoperative Low-dose Ketamine Has no Preemptive Analgesic Effect in Opioid-naïve Patients Undergoing Colon Surgery When Nitrous Oxide is Used


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Id: NCT02241278

Organisation Name: Hospital Arquitecto Marcide

Overal Status: Completed

Start Date: September 2001

Last Update: September 16, 2014

Lead Sponsor: Hospital Arquitecto Marcide

Brief Summary: The analgesic properties of ketamine are associated with its non-competitive antagonism of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor; these receptors exhibit an excitatory function on pain transmission and this binding seems to inhibit or reverse the central sensitization of pain. In the literature, the value of this anesthetic for preemptive analgesia in the control of postoperative pain is uncertain. The objective of this study was to ascertain whether preoperative low-dose ketamine reduces postoperative pain and morphine consumption in adults undergoing colon surgery.

In a double-blind, randomized trial, 48 patients were studied. Patients in the ketamine group received 0.5 mg/kg intravenous ketamine before surgical incision, while the control group received normal saline. The postoperative analgesia was achieved with a continuous infusion of morphine at 0.015 mg∙kgˉ¹∙hˉ¹ with the possibility of 0.02 mg/kg bolus every 10 min. Pain was assessed using the Visual Analog Scale (VAS), morphine consumption, and hemodynamic parameters at 0, 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, and 24 hours postoperatively. We quantified times to rescue analgesic (Paracetamol), adverse effects and patient satisfaction.

Conditions:
  • Pain, Postoperative


Total execution time in seconds: 0.24773502349854