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Ketamine Clinical Trials

One-Needle Approach to Paediatric Procedural Sedation using Ketamine: A Randomised Control Trial.

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Id: ACTRN12619000612112

Organisation Name: Gold Coast Hospital and Health Service

Overal Status: Recruiting

Start Date: 03/06/2019

Brief Summary: Procedural sedation in children is a commonly performed task in mixed emergency departments around Australia. Ketamine has gained significant acceptance as the drug of choice to conduct this sedation. The preferred route of ketamine administration is an ongoing debate. Historically intravenous ketamine sedation has been favoured, however the evidence is not strong and mostly based on anecdotes. Further, the initial intravenous cannulation required has the negative consequence of inducing significant pain and distress.

To demonstrate in a randomised control trial that intramuscular ketamine, given in one needle, can achieve successful procedural sedation in children.

Research Design
This is an open label multicentre randomised control trial investigating whether paediatric procedural sedation can be achieved with just one needle. Study sites include Gold Coast University Hospital and Logan Hospital - 537 participants will be enrolled. Patients 1-12 yrs of age presenting to emergency department and requiring procedural sedation with ketamine (as determined by the senior treating clinician) will be eligible for inclusion into the study. Exclusion criteria will include the lack of informed consent and intravenous cannulation being required for another aspect of their management. The study has two intervention arms, one arm will receive 3mg/kg and the other arm will receive 4mg/mg via intramuscular injection. Participants will be randomised in a 1:1:1 ratio between the two intervention arms and control. Intramuscular injections will be administered by the treating doctor or nurse. Where adequate sedation to undertake the required procedure is not achieved with the initial intramuscular dose, additional intramuscular or intravenous doses of ketamine will be administered at treating clinician discretion.. Patients in the control group will be intravenously cannulated and ketamine given initially at 1mg/kg and then dose titrated to effect at the treating clinician’s discretion. The primary outcome will be success of paediatric procedural sedation with only one needle. Secondary outcomes include length of stay in the emergency department, length of sedation and adverse effects in the intramuscular versus intravenous groups.

This multicentre randomised trial will allow definitive assessment of the efficacy of a one needle approach giving intramuscular ketamine to achieve paediatric procedural sedation in children, with the goal of minimising unnecessary distress.

  • Australia

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